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March 23, 1901

EFFECT OF ALCOHOL ON THE NERVOUS SYSTEM, THE MIND AND HEREDITY.

Author Affiliations

Professor of Nervous and Mental Diseases, College of Physicians and Surgeons; Neurologist to the City Hospital, Etc. INDIANAPOLIS, IND.

JAMA. 1901;XXXVI(12):788-790. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.52470120012001d
Abstract

Alcohol has a twofold effect on the nervous system, a direct or primary, and an indirect or secondary. Either of these may act physiologically, i. e., functionally, or pathologically, i. e., structurally. Either may and does unfold its force upon every part of the nervous system, brain, cord, and peripheral nerves; in fact on every organ and tissue of the body, notably upon the blood-vessels, particularly of the brain, the kidneys and the liver. The subject is too large to render justice to it within the limits of a paper like this, and I shall, therefore, be forced to confine my remarks to a narrow domain.

Upon the nerve tissues alcohol has an acute influence. This can best be studied by experiments on animals, and by the effects shown in fatal poisoning with large amounts of alcohol in persons unused to its influence. Of the ordinary state of acute intoxication,

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