Anthrax is one of the rare but very interesting maladies afflicting the human race which few physicians have the opportunity of seeing in the active form. It is an acute, parasitic, infectious disease, known also by the synonyms of malignant pustule, splenic fever, ragpickers, wool-sorters and furriers' disease, also Milzbrand and carbunculosus contagiosus and a number of others. As to its history and antiquity we know but little, but that it has existed for centuries there can be no doubt.
Blanc states that he finds our modern anthrax to have been the disease of the Egyptian plagues, but Hamlet on the other hand thinks this is only a matter of speculation.
To the researches of Pollender in 1855 and Davine in 1863 belong the credit of the discovery of the B. anthracis, the positive and only direct factor in the production of the disease. It has been said by good
ROUSH W. ANTHRAX, WITH REPORT OF A CASE.. JAMA. 1901;XXXVI(25):1766–1769. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.52470250020002a