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November 9, 1901


JAMA. 1901;XXXVII(19):1254-1255. doi:10.1001/jama.1901.02470450034009

The importance of microbes both in health and in disease fully justifies all studies that tend to throw light upon their relations to the human body. The microbic flora of the mouth has been studied extensively in the adult, but in the case of the newborn and in the nursling, in which the conditions are in every way simpler and less complicated, a beginning only has just been made in the study of the buccal bacteria. Lewkowicz1 carefully examined the mouths of several nurslings according to improved methods, and his results indicate that streptococci are the earliest and most numerous bacteria to appear. A pneumococcus of little or no virulence is also quite constant. Other micrococci were also found, but in no case did he meet with any pyogenic staphylococci. Among the bacilli an acidophile form is most frequent. Later on, strict anaerobes are found. Their existence in a

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