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Diseases of the sigmoid have remained in practical obscurity, and the sigmoid per se, so far as the rectal specialist and general surgeon are concerned, have been a terra incognita. November, 1885, the sigmoid cavity was first exposed with the light of research, and scientific truths observed in the living subject narrated and made a part of historic discovery by the writer. The pathologist only knew diseases of the sigmoid as concerns malignant growths or benign neoplasms, or a possible sigmoid stricture, ulceration or fecal impaction, and what is now shown by Carpenter's sigmoidoscopy as a sigmoiditis with or without ulceration, was in the recent past supposed to be a proctitis or a colitis, the pathologist only dealing with diseases of the sigmoid as a postmortem observation. Now, with sigmoidoscopy (Carpenter's) we are also able to not only explore the rectum in its entirety, illumine the sigmoid cavity, and with
CARPENTER JG. SIGMOID SURGERY FROM THE INTRA-ABDOMINAL AND INTRAPELVIC STANDPOINT.. JAMA. 1898;XXXI(11):580-582. doi:10.1001/jama.1898.92450110022001g