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Among the many debts the clinician owes to the pathologist and bacteriologist is the means of accurately determining between typhoid and the malarial fevers. Not many years ago the occurrence of frequent chills and rigors in a case thought to be typhoid would, if not entirely change the diagnosis, at least give to the disease that most objectionable appellation, "typho-malaria." The teachings and writings of Osler have done much to dispel this view, but it still unfortunately exists to a very considerable extent. On the other hand, a continued fever, if not typhoid, was not thought malarial in origin, and we are again indebted to Johns Hopkins in the persons of Thayer and Hewetson for interesting observations on the continued malarial fevers. Bacteriology of the past few years has taught us how common it is for infections of two or more pathogenic germs to exist in the same body at
MALARIA AND TYPHOID, NOT "TYPHO-MALARIA.". JAMA. 1899;XXXII(21):1182. doi:10.1001/jama.1899.02450480046006