The following report is deemed worthy of presentation because of several unique features connected therewith. Whilst there is no reason why lepers should not, if exposed, contract typhoid fever, there seems to be, as far as I have been able to ascertain, no recorded instance of the simultaneous existence of these diseases. Furthermore, several eminent leprologists, to whom an inquiry as to the incidence of typhoid fever among lepers was addressed, have replied that they have never noted its occurrence. A letter received from Dr. G. Armauer Hansen, Bergen, Norway, says: "Since 1868 we have not had typhoid fever here, and consequently I am unable to give you any information on this question. I have seen an epidemic of measles and this malady run the same course amongst the lepers as among others."
The fever in the present case developed after the use of injections of antivenomous serum. In 1897,
SCHAMBERG JF. TYPHOID FEVER IN A LEPER, FOLLOWING IMMEDIATELY BUT ACCIDENTALLY ON TREATMENT WITH ANTIVENOMOUS SERUM.. JAMA. 1900;XXXIV(3):153-154. doi:10.1001/jama.1900.24610030027002g