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V. Codeluppi relates in the Riforma Medica, 10 and 11, the case of a soldier who killed three of his comrades and an elderly stranger, in a fit of frenzy, without motive. The experts decided that the criminal was an epileptic, although he had never had an epileptic seizure. The fits of frenzy were considered the equivalent of the seizures. The Italian court therefore acquitted the prisoner.
Irresponsibility of Criminal with Latent Epilepsy.—. JAMA. 1900;XXXIV(12):765. doi:10.1001/jama.1900.02460120061022