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The World in Medicine
January 19, 2011

TB Prevention and HIV

JAMA. 2011;305(3):243. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.1932

New guidelines released last month by the World Health Organization (WHO) give advice on the prevention of tuberculosis (TB) in people living with HIV/AIDS. The document provides updates and clarifications of the 1998 policy based on new scientific evidence (

Individuals with HIV are more vulnerable to infection with TB because of their weakened immune systems. Of the almost 2 million deaths caused by AIDS each year, about 25% are associated with TB.

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