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Medical News & Perspectives
February 9, 2011

Stroke Increase Reported in HIV Patients

JAMA. 2011;305(6):552. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.101

A raft of complications has been linked with HIV infection, but stroke largely has not been among them. However, a new study reports that as stroke hospitalizations in the overall US population decreased over the past decade, an increase occurred among HIV-infected individuals. Researchers suggest the increase could be a consequence of widespread use of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART).

The investigators report that during the study period (1997-2006), the number of all stroke hospitalizations in the United States decreased by approximately 7%. But the number hospitalized with strokes who also had HIV infection increased by approximately 60% (Ovbiagele B and Nath A. Neurology. 2011;76[5]:444-450). The increase was in ischemic, not hemorrhagic, strokes.

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