A raft of complications has been linked with HIV infection, but stroke largely has not been among them. However, a new study reports that as stroke hospitalizations in the overall US population decreased over the past decade, an increase occurred among HIV-infected individuals. Researchers suggest the increase could be a consequence of widespread use of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART).
The investigators report that during the study period (1997-2006), the number of all stroke hospitalizations in the United States decreased by approximately 7%. But the number hospitalized with strokes who also had HIV infection increased by approximately 60% (Ovbiagele B and Nath A. Neurology. 2011;76:444-450). The increase was in ischemic, not hemorrhagic, strokes.
Voelker R. Stroke Increase Reported in HIV Patients. JAMA. 2011;305(6):552. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.101