Treatment of snakebite is controversial because there is no completely successful method. With conventional procedures, ie, tourniquet, excision, incision and suction, antivenin, and antibiotics, we have come to accept some permanent disability, especially if the hand is involved. Cryotherapy added to conventional methods can prevent most disability. Better antivenins are needed, more species-specific, and free of the disadvantages of horse serum.
Lockhart WE. Treatment of Snakebite. JAMA. 1965;193(5):336-338. doi:10.1001/jama.1965.03090050012004