The etiologic spectrum of both exanthems and enanthems has been considerably broadened during the last 15 years as a result of the advent of new virologic and serologic techniques. Enteroviral eruptive illnesses are common and occasionally have characteristic signs and symptoms that suggest an etiologic diagnosis. Usually the newer viral exanthems can be differentiated from the classic eruptive diseases such as measles, German measles, or chickenpox by careful clinical evaluation. Exanthem has only occasionally been noted in association with respiratory virus infections; however, adenoviruses, reoviruses, and respiratory syncytial viruses have all been implicated in the etiology.
In the April issue of the Archives of Environmental Health,1 six patients with parotitis or submandibulitis and exanthem are described. The predominant type of exanthem was maculopapular in two cases, urticarial in two cases, macular in one case, and vesicular in one case; two of these also had enanthem. A mumps virus was
EXANTHEM AND ENANTHEM ASSOCIATED WITH MUMPS VIRUS INFECTION. JAMA. 1966;196(3):282. doi:10.1001/jama.1966.03100160132041