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July 4, 1966


JAMA. 1966;197(1):52-53. doi:10.1001/jama.1966.03110010104032

From a full tour of duty of the Revolutionary War, James Tilton assembled, into one of the first American treatises on military medicine, experience in military hospitals and knowledge on the prevention and cure of diseases incident to the Army. Tilton was born in the county of Kent, Delaware, then one of the counties in the province of Pennsylvania. He engaged in classical learning at Knottingham Academy under the direction of the Reverend Doctor Samuel Finley, later president of Princeton College.1 The study of medicine was commenced as an apprentice to Dr. Ridgely of Dover and was continued in the medical department of the College of Philadelphia (University of Pennsylvania), where William Shippen, Jr. and John Morgan were teachers. Tilton received the MB in 1768, the only medical degree conferred by the College from 1768 until 1771, when it conferred the MD on each of the four members of

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