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Article
October 31, 1966

RICHARD BAYLEY (1745-1801) HEALTH OFFICER OF NEW YORK

JAMA. 1966;198(5):551-552. doi:10.1001/jama.1966.03110180095030
Abstract

During Richard Bayley's brief tenure as health officer to the port of the City of New York he prepared two treatises, An Account of the Epidemic Fever and Letters from the Health-Office, Submitted to the Common Council. They reveal an interest in infection and contagion first manifest in a discussion of croup early in his medical career. He was born in Fairfield, Conn, to English and French parents, studied medicine with Dr. Charlton in New York, and for two years was a pupil of William Hunter in London.1 He returned to New York in 1772 to commence practice. There the first case of angina trachealis, described in his discussion of croup, came under his supervision. The 4-year-old boy was bled, a large blister was applied to the throat, and calomel and antiseptics were administered, but the patient died within 36 hours from the first fit of strangulation. A young

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