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November 21, 1966


JAMA. 1966;198(8):35-37. doi:10.1001/jama.1966.03110210011003

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Measles Vaccine Campaign—  A federal-state-local effort to vaccinate within the next few months the several million children who have not received the measles vaccine was called for by US Surgeon General William Stewart, MD."We have had a licensed measles vaccine for three and one-half years," Dr. Stewart said. "There is no excuse for needlessly prolonging the fight against this disease, which for centuries has attacked virtually all children and left many of them mentally retarded."Smallpox has been eradicated and diphtheria and polio have all but disappeared in this country through use of vaccines, Dr. Stewart said. He predicted that measles would be wiped out when enough children receive measles vaccine.An estimated 15 million children have been vaccinated since the vaccine was licensed.Effective use of measles vaccines during the coming winter and spring epidemic seasons could mean wiping out the disease in the United States during 1967,