Modern genetic counseling comprises clinical appraisal of problems of affected individuals an nonaffected relatives within the family milieu. The implications of genetics produce multifaceted emotional stresses permeating the families and fostering interpersonal and intrafamily hostilities to the extent that reproduction of offspring essentially ceases after the birth of the affected member. Through empathetic communication with the family, genetic counseling promotes reasonable acceptance and realistic adjustment, plus a measurable effect on reproductive performances of female kindred.
Tips RL, Lynch HT. The Impact of Genetic Counseling Upon the Family Milieu. JAMA. 1963;184(3):183-186. doi:10.1001/jama.1963.03700160059008