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Sept 21, 1963

Independent Adoptions; A Follow-Up Study

Author Affiliations


JAMA. 1963;185(12):986. doi:10.1001/jama.1963.03060120096047

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This intensive (and discursive) work is of value primarily to doctors, lawyers, and social workers involved in infant adoptions, and to any doctor whose opinion might be asked on whether a child should be "given up" for adoption or placed in a given home. Although the investigation reported was limited to Florida, the results are not dissimilar from those found in other states.

The original placements had been made independently rather than through qualified agencies. Ten years later a study of home conditions and child development revealed that 30% of homes failed to offer a favorable setting for healthy growth, and only 46% were rated good to excellent. Maladjustment of children was found in 23% of the "unfavorable" homes, compared with only 1% of children in homes rated "favorable."

Factors related to favorable outcomes were: placement before 30 days of age, study of the child and the home before placement,

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