An enormous human tragedy is unfolding in many
less-developed countries because of the spread of HIV/AIDS. Of the 33.4
million HIV-infected people around the world, there are an estimated
22.5 million in sub-Saharan Africa, 6.7 million in South and Southeast
Asia, 1.4 million in Latin America, and 665,000 in the United
States. Globally, more than 14 million people have died of the disease,
including 2.5 million last year.
In many southern African countries, HIV/AIDS has become an
unprecedented emergency, with 20% to 26% of people between the ages
of 15 and 49 infected. In Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia,
Rwanda, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, HIV/AIDS will reduce life
expectancy from 64 to 47 years by 2015. The progress of decades of work
immunizing children, controlling diseases, and improving nutrition is
being negated by HIV/AIDS.
Satcher D. The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic. JAMA. 1999;281(16):1479. doi:10.1001/jama.281.16.1479