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Article
June 14, 1890

CONCUSSION OF THE SPINAL CORD, BRAIN, ETC.Read in the Section of Surgery and Anatomy at the Forty-first Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association at Nashville, Tenn., May 20, 1890.

Author Affiliations

SURGEON TO THE JERSEY CITY AND CHRIST HOSPITALS, JERSEY CITY, N. J.

JAMA. 1890;XIV(24):858-866. doi:10.1001/jama.1890.02410240014001a
Abstract

The term "concussion of the spinal cord" is commonly used in a very loose and indefinite manner. In some instances its use is restricted to those cases in which the functions of the cord are temporarily disturbed, independently of any discoverable lesions; while in other instances it is made to include cases in which there are hæmorrhagic extravasations into the substance of the cord, or even a contusion of its membranes. Mr. Erichsen has employed the term in even a broader sense than that which includes the punctate hæmorrhages, etc., since he embraces the following conditions: 1. A functional disorder. 2, Compression of the cord from extravasation; compression of the cord by inflammatory exudations; nutritive cord alterations. It is therefore apparent that Mr. Erichsen, when he employs the term "concussion of the spine," intends to include all morbid conditions arising either primarily or secondarily from traumatic injuries not connected with

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