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David Urquhart, an enthusiastic Englishman, was the foremost promoter of the hot air bath, named by him the Turkish bath, which is daily challenging the attention of the medical man. Its increasing popularity among the laity calls for thoughtful action by the profession. If it is to be permanently identified with the life of our people there will necessarily be much in it of great practical interest to the scientific physician. Hot air as a therapeutic measure is older than the time of Hippocrates, who identified himself with its use. During the prosperous times of the Roman Empire it became one of the most popular institutions of the day. The many ruins now standing throughout what were but provinces of Rome, attest its extensive employment at that time.
No new theory is propounded, on the contrary, this is what has been known, though imperfectly practiced, for centuries. Air and water
THE TURKISH BATH.. JAMA. 1892;XIX(10):291. doi:10.1001/jama.1892.02420100023002