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The readiness with which the results of experimental research are received by the scientific public depends largely upon the reputation and known veracity of the investigator. From some men the most remarkable announcement will at once be received without question, the acceptation of their statements being based upon the previously formed opinion of other workers, who, having repeated former experiments, find them to be correct. Upon the other hand results from certain other investigators would immediately receive criticism. The spirit of dishonesty may make itself felt in two ways, upon the side of experiment, and upon the side of the result obtained. There are those who propose certain problems to themselves, proceed to arrange experiments and then make them conform to the end they have in view. Sometimes this proof may be correct. but again, upon approaching the subject from another direction, very apparent differences may be shown. Results
HONESTY IN EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH.. JAMA. 1892;XIX(20):592. doi:10.1001/jama.1892.02420200028007