Although not quite a household name, during the late 19th and early 20th centuries Hermann M. Biggs (1859-1923) commanded enormous power and influence. Throughout his career at the helm of the Health Department of the City of New York and later as Commissioner of the New York State Department of Health, Biggs was world-renowned for developing innovative and effective policies that both protected the public's health and respected the needs of the ill.
Markel H. The Extraordinary Dr Biggs. JAMA. 2011;305(23):2473-2474. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.815