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May 16, 2017, Vol 317, No. 19, Pages 1927-2028

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(19):1927-1929. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13130
Viewpoint

Reassessing the Data on Whether a Physician Shortage Exists

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1945-1946. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2609

This Viewpoint argues that there are sufficient numbers of primary care physicians in the United States and that any appearance of a shortage is attributable to factors such as unequal geographic distribution and management inefficiencies.

Addressing the Physician ShortageThe Peril of Ignoring Demography

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1947-1948. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2714

This Viewpoint argues that the United States faces a serious physician shortage that is likely to worsen in the coming decades.

The US Preventive Services Task Force 2017 Draft Recommendation Statement on Screening for Prostate CancerAn Invitation to Review and Comment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1949-1950. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4413

This Viewpoint from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) introduces their 2017 draft recommendation statement on screening for prostate cancer, explains how it differs from their 2012 recommendation, and invites public comment.

Replacing the Affordable Care ActLessons From Behavioral Economics

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1951-1952. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4084

This Viewpoint draws on 4 general behavioral economics principles to apply to health care insurance reform.

A Piece of My Mind

Determination

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(19):1953-1954. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0629
Editorial

Cardiovascular Mortality Differences—Place Matters

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1955-1957. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4168
Original Investigation

Effect of Oral Iron Repletion on Exercise Capacity in Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction and Iron DeficiencyThe IRONOUT HF Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1958-1966. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5427

This randomized clinical trial investigates the efficacy of oral iron supplementation for improvement of exercise capacity in adult patients with heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction.

Effect of Intra-articular Triamcinolone vs Saline on Knee Cartilage Volume and Pain in Patients With Knee OsteoarthritisA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(19):1967-1975. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5283

This randomized trial compares the effects of intra-articular triamcinolone vs saline injected every 3 months for 2 years on changes in cartilage volume and pain in older adult patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Trends and Patterns of Geographic Variation in Cardiovascular Mortality Among US Counties, 1980-2014

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(19):1976-1992. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4150

This population epidemiology study uses national death record and Census Bureau data to estimate trends in age-standardized cardiovascular disease mortality rates by US county between 1980 and 2014.

Association Between Long-Lasting Intravitreous Fluocinolone Acetonide Implant vs Systemic Anti-inflammatory Therapy and Visual Acuity at 7 Years Among Patients With Intermediate, Posterior, or Panuveitis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(19):1993-2005. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5103

This study reports 7-year outcomes data for patients with uveitis randomized in the Multicenter Uveitis Steroid Treatment trial to receive an intravitreous fluocinolone acetonide implant vs prednisone or other immunosuppressant therapy.

From The JAMA Network

Trends in Use of Sedation for Low-Risk EndoscopyLooking Beyond Monitored Anesthesia Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):2006-2007. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4114

This commentary discusses a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine that assessed trends in the use of monitored anesthesia care for outpatient gastrointestinal endoscopy in the Veterans Health Administration from 2000 to 2013.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Antithrombotic Therapy for Venous Thromboembolic Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):2008-2009. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1928

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the American College of Chest Physicians’ 2016 recommendations on antithrombotic therapy for venous thromboembolism (VTE).

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Drugs for Head Lice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):2010-2011. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18589

This Medical Letter review summarizes commercially available head lice treatments, including prescribing information for pyrethrins, permethrin 1%, malathion, benzyl alcohol, spinosad, ivermectin, and manual treatment alternatives.

Research Letter

Postoperative Opioid Prescribing and the Pain Scores on Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Survey

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):2013-2015. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2827

This study uses insurance claims and HCAHPS data to investigate correlations between measures of pain and patient satisfaction after hospital discharge and postoperative opioid prescriptions.

Associations Between Hospital Characteristics, Measure Reporting, and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Overall Hospital Quality Star Ratings

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):2015-2017. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.3148

This study uses CMS Overall Hospital Quality Star Rating data to estimate associations between hospital characteristics, number and types of measures reported, and the CMS Hospital Quality Star Ratings.

Comment & Response

Global Burden of Disease Attributable to Hypertension

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JAMA. 2017;317(19):2017-2018. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4213

Global Burden of Disease Attributable to Hypertension—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):2018-2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4216

Intubation During In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

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JAMA. 2017;317(19):2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4419

Intubation During In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):2019-2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4427

Legal Ramifications of Ambiguous Clinical Guidelines

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JAMA. 2017;317(19):2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4501

Legal Ramifications of Ambiguous Clinical Guidelines—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):2020-2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4505
Correction

Data Error

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(19):2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5136

Omission in Text

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(19):2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5168
Medical News & Perspectives

A Day in the Life: NICU Medical Director Tends to Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(19):1937-1939. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.3567

This Medical News article profiles a NICU medical director in Baltimore.

The JAMA Forum

Hunger, Health, and Compassion

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(19):1939-1940. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5336
Global Health

Scarcity of Safe Water a Looming Threat to Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1941. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4810

Freeze-dried Rotavirus Vaccine Shows Promise

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1941. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5482

Massive Polio Vaccination Drive in African Nations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1941. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5484
News From the Food and Drug Administration

Tardive Dyskinesia Drug Approved

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1942. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5537

Digitized Surgical Slides

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1942. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5540

A First in HCV Drugs for Youths

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):1942. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5542
Poetry and Medicine

Musician’s Focal Dystonia

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JAMA. 2017;317(19):2022. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0201
JAMA Revisited

The Supply of Doctors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(19):2023. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.3994
JAMA Patient Page

Reducing Risk of Dementia in Older Age

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(19):2028. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2247
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(19):1931-1932. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13131
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