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March 21, 2017, Vol 317, No. 11, Pages 1093-1187

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(11):1093-1095. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13042
Viewpoint

Implementing Primary Prevention for Peanut Allergy at a Population Level

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1111-1112. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0922

This Viewpoint summarizes the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases’ guideline for prevention of peanut allergies in US infants and argues that the complexity and narrow scope of the recommendations could prevent population-wide implementation and uptake.

Exercise During Pregnancy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1113-1114. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0593

This Viewpoint summarizes the American Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) guideline recommendations and more recent evidence about the benefits of exercise during pregnancy.

Postapproval Observational Studies of Non–Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in Atrial Fibrillation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1115-1116. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1152

This Viewpoint discusses use of non–vitamin K oral anticoagulants in treating atrial fibrillation.

History of The Joint Commission’s Pain StandardsLessons for Today’s Prescription Opioid Epidemic

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1117-1118. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0935

This Viewpoint discusses the history of The Joint Commission standards for pain management and lessons learned that might inform current efforts to address the prescription opioid epidemic and prevent unintended consequences of future similar standard-setting initiatives.

A Piece of My Mind

Medical Care of Detainees in US Military FacilitiesUnspeakable Kindness

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(11):1119-1120. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16798
Editorial

Patient-Reported Outcomes Following Treatment for Localized Prostate CancerHelping Decision Making for Patients and Their Physicians

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1121-1123. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1703

Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Androgen Replacement Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1124-1125. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1364
Original Investigation

Association Between Radiation Therapy, Surgery, or Observation for Localized Prostate Cancer and Patient-Reported Outcomes After 3 Years

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1126-1140. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1704

This cohort study uses SEER registry data to compare adverse functional effects of managing localized prostate cancer with radical prostatectomy, external beam radiation, and active surveillance.

Association Between Choice of Radical Prostatectomy, External Beam Radiotherapy, Brachytherapy, or Active Surveillance and Patient-Reported Quality of Life Among Men With Localized Prostate Cancer

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1141-1150. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1652

This cohort study compares quality of life among men with prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy, external beam radiotherapy, brachytherapy, or active surveillance.

Association Between Dabigatran vs Warfarin and Risk of Osteoporotic Fractures Among Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1151-1158. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1363

This cohort study uses national electronic medical record data from Hong Kong to compare risk of osteoporotic fracture among patients prescribed dabigatran or warfarin for newly diagnosed nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

Association Between Direct-to-Consumer Advertising and Testosterone Testing and Initiation in the United States, 2009-2013

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1159-1166. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.21041

This ecologic study investigates associations between televised direct-to-consumer advertising and testosterone testing and initiation in the United States between 2009 and 2013.

From The JAMA Network

The Definitive Management of Primary HyperparathyroidismWho Needs an Operation?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1167-1168. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1620

This commentary discusses 2016 American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Guidelines for management of primary hyperparathyroidism published in JAMA Surgery.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

A Tender Rash on the Hand

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1169-1170. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0224

A healthy 36-year-old man had 5 days of an intensely painful vesicular eruption on an erythematous base at the base of his thumb after a suspected spider bite, with no other physical signs. What would you next?

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Metformin for Prediabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1171. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17844

This Medical Letter review summarizes the clinical study evidence and adverse effects of metformin treatment for individuals at risk for type 2 diabetes.

Research Letter

Seven-Year Follow-up of Children Born to Women in a Randomized Trial of Prenatal DHA Supplementation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1173-1175. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.21303

This study reports neurodevelopmental outcomes at 7 years of children whose mothers participated in a randomized trial of docosahexaenoic acid supplementation during pregnancy to improve their child’s intelligence.

Comment & Response

Time to Endovascular Thrombectomy for Acute Stroke

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1175. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0370

Time to Endovascular Thrombectomy for Acute Stroke—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1175-1176. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0373

Sedation vs Intubation for Patients With Acute Stroke Undergoing Thrombectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1176-1177. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0379

Sedation vs Intubation for Patients With Acute Stroke Undergoing Thrombectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1177. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0376

Sedation vs Intubation for Patients With Acute Stroke Undergoing Thrombectomy—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1177-1178. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0388

Transitions in House Staff Care and Patient Mortality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1178. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1316

Transitions in House Staff Care and Patient Mortality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1178-1179. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1319
Correction

Error in Text

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(11):1179. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1637

Misstated Text

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(11):1179. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1785
Medical News & Perspectives

Israeli Physician Salman Zarka, MD: Caring for Syrian Patients Is Our Duty

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(11):1105-1107. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20134

This Medical News article is an interview with an Israeli physician whose hospital staff treats sick and wounded Syrians.

The JAMA Forum

Value-Based Purchasing: Time for Reboot or Time to Move On?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(11):1107-1108. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1170
Global Health

Zero Cases of Guinea Worm Disease in Mali

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1109. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1261

Boosting Cognitive Development in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1109. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2347

Cervicovaginal Bacteria May Influence HIV Risk

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1109. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2349
News From the Food and Drug Administration

Morcellator Risk Was Known

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1110. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1585

New Rare Diseases Screening Test

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1110. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1772

First Corticosteroid Approved for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1110. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1773
The Arts and Medicine

The Healing Power of Paint

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(11):1100-1102. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1947

This Arts and Medicine essay describes the experience of an outpatient clinic's staff, patients, and families who collaborated to paint self-portrait tiles to decorate the clinical space.

Poetry and Medicine

Sedimentation Rate

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1180. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18399
JAMA Revisited

Why I Favor Compulsory Health Insurance

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(11):1181. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0640
JAMA Patient Page

Cystoscopy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(11):1187. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0364
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(11):1097-1098. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13043
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