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February 21, 2017, Vol 317, No. 7, Pages 663-780

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2017;317(7):663-665. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12998
Viewpoint

Improving Lower Extremity Functioning in Peripheral Artery DiseaseExercise, Endovascular Revascularization, or Both?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):689-690. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20673

This Viewpoint reviews treatment options to improve walking ability and quality of life for patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease.

Emerging and Reemerging Infectious DiseasesThe Dichotomy Between Acute Outbreaks and Chronic Endemicity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):691-692. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.21079

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of continuing infectious diseases research, even after outbreaks subside and disease progression becomes endemic.

Benefit-Risk Assessments at the US Food and Drug AdministrationFinding the Balance

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):693-694. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0410

This Viewpoint from former US FDA Commissioner Robert Califf discusses existing agency decision support tools for assessing the benefits and risks of medical products under review and the advantages of harmonizing the currently separate frameworks used for evaluating devices and for drugs and biologics.

Interrupting the Mental Illness–Incarceration-Recidivism Cycle

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):695-696. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20992

This Viewpoint offers ways people with serious mental illness can be diverted from prison by preventing court involvment, developing mental health courts, mandating police training, providing housing, and developing outpatient treatment progams.

A Piece of My Mind

Rosemary’s Gifts

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(7):697-698. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14695
Editorial

Testosterone and Male AgingFaltering Hope for Rejuvenation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):699-701. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0129

When and How to Treat Subthreshold Depression

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):702-704. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0233

Using Design Thinking to Differentiate Useful From Misleading Evidence in Observational Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):705-707. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19970
Original Investigation

Testosterone Treatment and Coronary Artery Plaque Volume in Older Men With Low Testosterone

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has multimedia
JAMA. 2017;317(7):708-716. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.21043

This clinical trial compares the effects of testosterone gel vs placebo for 12 months on noncalcified coronary artery plaque volume in older men with low testosterone.

Testosterone Treatment and Cognitive Function in Older Men With Low Testosterone and Age-Associated Memory Impairment

Abstract Full Text
free access has multimedia
JAMA. 2017;317(7):717-727. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.21044

This randomized trial compares the effects of testosterone gel vs placebo for 12 months on verbal memory and other cognitive functions in older men with low testosterone and age-associated memory impairment.

Effect of Collaborative Care vs Usual Care on Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults With Subthreshold DepressionThe CASPER Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;317(7):728-737. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0130

This randomized clinical trial investigates whether a collaborative care intervention, compared with usual care, reduces depressive symptoms and prevents more severe depression in older people with subclinical depression.

Effect of Fibrinogen Concentrate on Intraoperative Blood Loss Among Patients With Intraoperative Bleeding During High-Risk Cardiac SurgeryA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):738-747. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.21037

This randomized trial compares the effects of fibrinogen concentrate vs placebo on intraoperative blood loss in patients at high-risk of bleeding undergoing elective cardiac surgery.

Users' Guides to the Medical Literature

Adjusted Analyses in Studies Addressing Therapy and HarmUsers’ Guides to the Medical Literature

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;317(7):748-759. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20029

This Users’ Guide to the Medical Literature discusses strategies for adjusting analyses as a way of addressing prognostic imbalance in studies of therapy and harm.

From The JAMA Network

CellulitisCommonly Misdiagnosed or Just Misunderstood?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):760-761. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15921

This commentary discusses a cross-sectional study published in JAMA Dermatology reporting frequent misdiagnosis of lower extremity cellulitis and characterizing the patient and health service complications of the misdiagnosed infection.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Management of Chronic Insomnia Disorder in Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):762-763. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19004

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the American College of Physicians’ 2016 guideline on management of chronic insomnia in adults.

Research Letter

Website Characteristics and Physician Reviews on Commercial Physician-Rating Websites

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):766-768. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18553

This study characterizes the type and number of physician reviews on commercial physician-rating websites.

Comment & Response

Substance Use Terminology

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):768-769. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20469

Substance Use Terminology

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):769. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20472

Substance Use Terminology

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):769-770. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20475

Substance Use Terminology

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):770. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20485

Evidence for the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative to Support Breastfeeding

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):770-771. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20832

Evidence for the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative to Support Breastfeeding—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):771. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20837

Evidence for the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative to Support Breastfeeding—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):771-772. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20835
Medical News & Perspectives

MacArthur Winner Adapts High-Tech Medicine to Third World

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(7):683-685. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20335

This Medical News article is an interview with Rebecca Richards-Kortum, winner of a MacArthur Fellowship for her work in global health.

The JAMA Forum

How Will President Trump’s Policies Affect Domestic and Global Health and Development?

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(7):685-686. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0235
Global Health

Atypical Leishmaniasis Linked to Genetic Variants of Leishmania

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):687. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0055

Ebola Vaccine Found Highly Protective

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):687. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0633

Uneven Progress in Preventing and Treating HIV Infections Worldwide

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):687. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0635
News From the Food and Drug Administration

Novel Drugs Passed Muster in 2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):688. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0312

Inspections Turn up Insects, Mold in Drug Compounding Facilities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):688. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0453

Scientists Receive Award for Meningitis Vaccine Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):688. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0839
The Arts and Medicine

Moving the Needle on Recovery From Breast CancerThe Healing Role of Postmastectomy Tattoos

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(7):672-674. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0474

This Arts and Medicine essays reports the experience of Chicago-based tattoo artist David Allen, whose work with women to design imagery to conceal their mastectomy scars helps them reclaim a sense of control over their bodies.

Poetry and Medicine

Tale of Two Livers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):773. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16403
JAMA Revisited

Communication and the Journals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(7):774. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20843
JAMA Patient Page

Restless Legs Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(7):780. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.21375
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(7):667-668. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12999
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