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From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
May 25, 2011

Recommended Immunization Schedules for Persons Aged 0 Through 18 Years—United States, 2011

JAMA. 2011;305(20):2062. doi:

MMWR. 2011;60:1-4

Each year, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) publishes immunization schedules for persons aged 0 through 18 years. These schedules summarize recommendations for currently licensed vaccines for children aged 18 years and younger and include recommendations in effect as of December 21, 2010. Changes to the previous schedules1 include the following (Figures 1, 2, and Table):

  • Guidance has been added for the hepatitis B vaccine schedule for children who did not receive a birth dose.2

  • Information on use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has been added.3

  • Guidance has been added for administration of 1 or 2 doses of seasonal influenza vaccine based upon the child's history of monovalent 2009 H1N1 vaccination.4

  • Use of tetanus and diphtheria toxoids, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine among children aged 7 through 10 years who are incompletely vaccinated against pertussis is addressed, and reference to a specified interval between tetanus and diphtheria toxoids (Td) and Tdap vaccination has been removed.5

  • Footnotes for the use of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine have been condensed.

  • A routine 2-dose schedule of quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4) for certain persons at high risk for meningococcal disease, and recommendations for a booster dose of MCV4 have been added.6

  • Guidance for use of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine in persons aged 5 years and older in the catch-up schedule has been condensed.

The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act requires that health-care providers provide parents or patients with copies of Vaccine Information Statements before administering each dose of the vaccines listed in the schedules. Additional information is available from state health departments and from CDC at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/default.htm.

Detailed recommendations for using vaccines are available from ACIP statements (available at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/acip-list.htm) and the 2009 Red Book.7 Guidance regarding the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System form is available online (http://www.vaers.hhs.gov) or by telephone (800-822-7967).

The recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0 through 18 years and the catch-up immunization schedule for 2011 have been approved by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Academy of Family Physicians.

Suggested citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-18 years—United States, 2011. MMWR 2011;60(5).

References
1.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-18 years—United States, 2010.  MMWR. 2009;58(51&52):
2.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  A comprehensive immunization strategy to eliminate transmission of hepatitis B virus infection in the United States: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) part 1: immunization of infants, children, and adolescents.  MMWR Recomm Rep. 2005;54(RR-16):1-31PubMed
3.
Nuorti JP, Whitney CG.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Prevention of pneumococcal disease among infants and children—use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP).  MMWR Recomm Rep. 2010;59(RR-11):1-18PubMed
4.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Prevention and control of influenza with vaccines: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2010.  MMWR Recomm Rep. 2010;59(RR-8):1-62PubMed
5.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Updated recommendations for use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, 2010.  MMWR. 2011;60(1):13-15PubMed
6.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Updated recommendations for use of meningococcal conjugate vaccines—Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2010.  MMWR. 2011;60(3):72-76PubMed
7.
American Academy of Pediatrics.  Active and passive immunization. In: Pickering LK, Baker CJ, Kimberlin DW, Long SS, eds. 2009 Red Book: Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 28th ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2009
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