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November 21, 2012

2013 Theme Issue on Violence and Human RightsCall for Papers

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Dr Cole (tbcole@bellsouth.net) is Contributing Editor and Ms Flanagin (annette.flanagin@jamanetwork.org) is Managing Deputy Editor, JAMA.

JAMA. 2012;308(19):2037. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.14369

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is among the most severe outcomes associated with violence. In the United States, TBI is a contributing factor to 30.5% of all injury-related deaths.1 The fourth leading cause of TBI (after falls, “struck by/against,” and motor vehicle crashes) is assault, which accounted for 15 341 hospitalizations and 5813 deaths in the years 2002 through 2006.1 In this issue of JAMA, Zafonte et al2 report the results of a randomized trial of citicoline, a widely used pharmacotherapy for the treatment of patients with TBI. In this trial, 9.3% of the study participants were injured in assaults. Zafonte et al2 found that citicoline treatment did not result in improvement of cognitive or functional status, and as acknowledged in an accompanying editorial by Ruff and Riechers,3 there are no specific, evidence-based therapies for patients with complicated mild or moderate TBI resulting from assault or any other mechanism. Randomized trials of interventions for the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with TBI are clearly needed, even if the interventions turn out to be ineffective. The value of “negative” studies is to expose critical gaps in knowledge and redirect attention to promising alternatives.

To further promote the scientific evaluation of promising interventions for the causes of violence and human rights abuses and the clinical management of their related health effects, including TBI, we invite manuscripts for another JAMA theme issue on violence and human rights, to be published on August 7, 2013. Authors may submit manuscripts addressing any topic related to violence, war, civil conflict, or human rights abuses. Randomized controlled trials of preventive, therapeutic, or rehabilitative interventions411 are of primary interest, but we will also consider reports of observational studies and systematic reviews that address new and important findings in the fields of violence and human rights,1215 as well as scholarly Viewpoints.1618 Manuscripts received by March 15, 2013, will have the best chance of consideration for publication in this theme issue. Submitted manuscripts will undergo JAMA 's usual rigorous editorial evaluation and peer review. Please follow JAMA 's instructions for authors for manuscript preparation and submission.19 We look forward to receiving manuscripts and inquiries about prospective articles for this theme issue.

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Article Information

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.

Editorials represent the opinions of the authors and JAMA and not those of the American Medical Association.

Faul M, Xu L, Wald MM, Coronado VG. Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; 2010. http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/pdf/blue_book.pdf. Accessed September 30, 2012
Zafonte RD, Bagiella E, Ansel BM,  et al.  Effect of citicoline on functional and cognitive status among patients with traumatic brain injury: Citicoline Brain Injury Treatment Trial (COBRIT).  JAMA. 2012;308(19):joc1200941993-2000Article
Ruff RL, Riechers RG. Effective treatment of traumatic brain injury: learning from experience.  JAMA. 2012;308(19):jed1200922032-2033Article
Klevens J, Kee R, Trick W,  et al.  Effect of screening for partner violence on women's quality of life: a randomized controlled trial.  JAMA. 2012;308(7):681-689PubMedArticle
Mills KL, Teesson M, Back SE,  et al.  Integrated exposure-based therapy for co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder and substance dependence: a randomized controlled trial.  JAMA. 2012;308(7):690-699PubMedArticle
Monson CM, Fredman SJ, Macdonald A,  et al.  Effect of cognitive-behavioral couple therapy for PTSD.  JAMA. 2012;308(7):700-709PubMedArticle
Krystal JH, Rosenheck RA, Cramer JA,  et al; Veterans Affairs Cooperative Study No. 504 Group.  Adjunctive risperidone treatment for antidepressant-resistant symptoms of chronic military service-related PTSD.  JAMA. 2011;306(5):493-502PubMedArticle
Ertl V, Pfeiffer A, Schauer E, Elbert T, Neuner F. Community-implemented trauma therapy for former child soldiers in Northern Uganda: a randomized controlled trial.  JAMA. 2011;306(5):503-512PubMedArticle
Walton MA, Chermack ST, Shope JT,  et al.  Effects of a brief intervention for reducing violence and alcohol misuse among adolescents: a randomized controlled trial.  JAMA. 2010;304(5):527-535PubMedArticle
Tiwari A, Fong DYT, Yuen KH,  et al.  Effect of an advocacy intervention on mental health in Chinese women survivors of intimate partner violence: a randomized controlled trial.  JAMA. 2010;304(5):536-543PubMedArticle
MacMillan HL, Wathen CN, Jamieson E,  et al;  McMaster Violence Against Women Research Group.  Screening for intimate partner violence in health care settings: a randomized trial.  JAMA. 2009;302(5):493-501PubMedArticle
Rees S, Silove D, Chey T,  et al.  Lifetime prevalence of gender-based violence in women and the relationship with mental disorders and psychosocial function.  JAMA. 2011;306(5):513-521PubMedArticle
Brackbill RM, Hadler JL, DiGrande L,  et al.  Asthma and posttraumatic stress symptoms 5 to 6 years following exposure to the World Trade Center terrorist attack.  JAMA. 2009;302(5):502-516PubMedArticle
Steel Z, Chey T, Silove D,  et al.  Association of torture and other potentially traumatic events with mental health outcomes among populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement.  JAMA. 2009;302(5):537-549PubMedArticle
Paras ML, Murad MH, Chen LP,  et al.  Sexual abuse and lifetime diagnosis of somatic disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  JAMA. 2009;302(5):550-561PubMedArticle
Hoge CW, Castro CA. Preventing suicides in US service members and veterans: concerns after a decade of war.  JAMA. 2012;308(7):671-672PubMedArticle
Guterres A, Spiegel P. The state of the world's refugees: adapting health responses to urban environments.  JAMA. 2012;308(7):673-674PubMedArticle
Mateen FJ, Rubenstein LS. Government policies in violation of human rights as a barrier to professionalism.  JAMA. 2011;306(5):541-542PubMedArticle
 JAMA Instructions for Authors. Updated 2012. http://jama.ama-assn.org/misc/ifora.dtl. Accessed September 30, 2012