This Visualizing Health Metrics infographic, based on the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, provides information on changes in mortality rates for children younger than 5 years, for both sexes, from 1990 to 2013. Children younger than 5 years composed the majority of the total number of deaths of all children and adolescents aged 0 to 19 years in 1990 and 2013. Between 1990 and 2013, the number of deaths for children younger than 5 years decreased for all World Health Organization (WHO) regions, with slowest declines within the Africa region. Over the same time period, the South-East Asia and Africa regions maintained the highest numbers of deaths for children younger than 5 years among all WHO regions. In 2013, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and China had the highest numbers of deaths for children younger than 5 years, while the highest rates of mortality for children younger than 5 years were concentrated in countries in Africa.
Source: GBD 2013 Pediatrics Collaboration. JAMA Pediatr. Published online January 25, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4276.
Marczak L, O’Rourke K, Shepard D, for the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. Mortality Rates for Children Younger Than 5 Years, 1990-2013. JAMA. 2016;315(9):859. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1465