This Visualizing Health Policy infographic provides a snapshot of HIV-related awareness and experiences among adults in the United States and 2 demographic groups that make up a disproportionate share of people with HIV: black adults and gay and bisexual men. In 2014, 4 in 10 black adults, and more than half of gay and bisexual men said they personally knew someone who is HIV-positive (HIV+) or who has died of HIV/AIDS, compared with only 28% of adults in the United States overall. Only 21% of US adults were aware that consistent antiretroviral treatment can significantly reduce the risk of HIV transmission, and only 14% had heard of a new prevention strategy, preexposure prophylaxis. Awareness was only slightly higher among black adults and gay and bisexual men. Although a majority of US adults said they have been tested for HIV, only 16% reported they’ve been tested within the past 12 months; these rates were higher for black adults (39%) and gay and bisexual men (30%). More than half of gay and bisexual men said they are aware that it is recommended they be tested for HIV every 3 to 6 months, yet 56% reported that a clinician has never suggested testing.
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis. Original data and detailed source information are available at http://kff.org/JAMA_7-12-2016.
Firth J, Hamel L, Kates J, Jankiewicz A, Rousseau D, for the Kaiser Family Foundation. HIV Awareness and Testing, 2013 AND 2014. JAMA. 2016;316(2):139. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.8516