[Skip to Content]
Sign In
Individual Sign In
Create an Account
Institutional Sign In
OpenAthens Shibboleth
[Skip to Content Landing]
Article
February 12, 1955

EFFECTS OF TOBACCO AND WHISKEY ON THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Author Affiliations

Staten Island, N. Y.; Brooklyn, N. Y; Staten Island, N. Y.

From the Cardiovascular Research Unit, Department of Medicine, United States Public Health Service Hospital, Staten Island, N. Y.

JAMA. 1955;157(7):563-568. doi:10.1001/jama.1955.02950240001001
Abstract

Although there is no convincing proof that tobacco directly causes or intensifies the average case of angina pectoris, it is common practice for physicians to advise against its use in all patients suffering from this affliction. There is still considerable difference of opinion as to whether or not the use of tobacco is harmful to patients with coronary artery disease. Thus, Levy and associates1 maintain that cigarette smoking causes only slight changes in the circulation and does not significantly increase the work of the heart. Because of the enjoyment afforded and the emotional satisfaction obtained, they believe that patients with inactive forms of heart disease should be permitted to smoke in moderation. Boas2 also asserts that tobacco is not nearly as harmful to patients with coronary artery disease as is popularly supposed. It is true that there are no valid experimental data on the effect of nicotine on

References
1.
Levy, R. L.; Mathers, J. A. L.; Mueller, A. A., and Nickerson, J. L.:  Effects of Smoking Cigarets on the Heart in Normal Persons and in Cardiac Patients , J. A. M. A. 135:417-422 ( (Oct. 18) ) 1947.Article
2.
Boas, E. P., and Boas, N. F.: Coronary Artery Disease , Chicago, Year Book Publishers, 1949, p. 317.
3.
Stroud, W. D.: Unpublished data.
4.
Russek, H. I.; Naegele, C. F., and Regan, F. D.:  Alcohol in the Treatment of Angina Pectoris , J. A. M. A. 143:355-357 ( (May 27) ) 1950.Article
5.
Laubry, C.: Walser, J., and Deglaude, L.:  Action expérimentale du tabac et de la nicotine sur le débit coronarien , Bull. Acad. de Méd. Paris 109: 595-598 ( (April 25) ) 1933.
6.
Graybiel, A.; Starr, R. S., and White, P. D.:  Electrocardiographic Changes Following the Inhalation of Tobacco Smoke , Am. Heart J. 15:88-99 ( (Jan.) ) 1938.
7.
Davis, F. W., Jr., and others:  The Effects of Exercise and Smoking on the Electrocardiograms and Ballistocardiograms of Normal Subjects and Patients with Coronary Artery Disease , Am. Heart J. 46:529-542 ( (Oct.) ) 1953.Article
8.
Mandelbaum, H., and Mandelbaum, R. A.:  Studies Utilizing the Portable Electromagnetic Ballistocardiograph: II. The Ballistocardiogram as a Means of Determining Nicotine Sensitivity , Circulation 5: 885-891 ( (June) ) 1952.Article
9.
Caccese, A., and Schrager, A.:  The Effects of Cigarette Smoking on the Ballistocardiogram , Am. Heart J. 42: 589-596 ( (Oct.) ) 1951.Article
10.
Haag, H. B.:  The Physiologic Activity of Cigarette Smoke Solutions as Related to Their Nicotine Content , J. Lab. & Clin. Med. 25:610-618 ( (March) ) 1940.
11.
White, P. D.: Heart Disease , ed. 3, New York, the Macmillan Company, 1944, p. 534.
12.
Beck, L. C.:  Highlights of the Meeting of the American Therapeutic Society , Proc. Staff Meet. Straub Clin. 19: 125-128 ( (Sept.) ) 1953,
13.
Master, A. M.; Donoso, E.; Pordy, L., and Chesky, K.:  The Ballistocardiogram in Peripheral Vascular Disease , Am. Heart J. 46: 180-186 ( (Aug.) ) 1953.
×