Editor's Audio Summary by Howard Bauchner, MD, Editor in Chief of JAMA, the Journal of the American Medical Association, for the January 17, 2016 issue
This Viewpoint outlines the diagnostic approaches and treatment options to reduce risk of fracture among patients with osteoporosis.
In this Viewpoint, the Under Secretary for Health of the Veterans Health Administration and colleagues describe the agency’s Diffusion of Excellence program, a learning health system approach to aligning best practices and agency system assets for rapid dissemination of clinical best practices.
This Viewpoint proposes ways in which electronic health record (EHR) systems might be configured to reduce health service overuse, improve health care quality, and control costs.
This Viewpoint discusses the Pediatric Research Equity Act, a 2003 law authorizing the US Food and Drug Administration to require the study of new therapies for pediatric populations, and proposes improvements to the law as it comes up for reauthorization in 2017.
This cohort study investigates the proportion of adults who were diagnosed with asthma by a physician within the previous 5 years and no longer met clinical criteria for the diagnosis.
This population epidemiology study uses national survey data to compare the prevalence of diabetes and to provide estimates of the diabetes-related absolute excess mortality for adults living in rural and urban areas of China.
This cohort study compares the accuracy of the Sequential [Sepsis-related] Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, quick SOFA score, and Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome criteria for predicting in-hospital mortality or prolonged length of stay among adults admitted to the ICU with suspected infection in Australia and New Zealand.
This cohort study compares the ability of the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score vs systemic inflammatory response syndrome and severe sepsis criteria for a in-hospital mortality risk among adult patients presenting to the emergency department with suspected infection.
This JAMA Performance Improvement article explores the case of a patient with latex allergy who had a latex catheter placed and how the health care team should handle the situation both during surgery and postoperatively.
This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a 2016 update of a Cochrane review of clinical trials comparing the effects of antifungal drugs on prevention of mortality and invasive fungal infection in critically ill patients without neutropenia.
This Medical Letter review summarizes available generic and brand-name epinephrine auto-injectors in the wake of recent EpiPen price increases.
This study uses data from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to understand the extent and variation of physician excess charges by specialty and geographic region.
This Medical News article discusses the new NIH Nutrition Research Task Force.
This Arts and Medicine essay reviews Extremis, a 2016 short documentary streaming on Netflix, which addresses the challenges of end-of-life communication and decision-making in the ICU by following the work and patients of a critical and palliative care physician at Highland Hospital in Oakland, California.