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November 2016 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

November 22, 2016, Vol 316, No. 20, Pages 2059-2162

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2059-2061. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14601
Viewpoint

Achieving the Triple Aim Through Disruptive Innovations in Self-care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2081-2082. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15391

This Viewpoint discusses self-administered outpatient intravenous antibiotic treatment as an example of a health care delivery innovation that improves the patient experience of health care, improves outcomes, and reduces costs.

Pharmaceuticals and Public Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2083-2084. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15397

This Viewpoint argues for a shift in pharmaceutical pricing from an individual- to a population-based perspective and proposes policy options to incentivize pricing that would make treating populations with disease sustainable.

Trade, Investment, and TobaccoPhilip Morris v Uruguay

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2085-2086. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14503

This Viewpoint summarizes tobacco industry challenges to public health laws and the risks faced by countries seeking to enact laws targeting smoking and highlights the need for full exclusion of tobacco products from trade agreements.

Lowering the Bar on the Low-Fat Diet

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2087-2088. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15473

This Viewpoint by David Ludwig assesses the lessons learned from US nutrition recommendations to limit fat intake and the continuing increase in obesity and diabetes and discusses the challenges inherent in scientific evidence regarding nutrition.

A Piece of My Mind

The Good-Enough Parent

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2089. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10249
Editorial

The Promise of Palliative CareTranslating Clinical Trials to Clinical Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2090-2091. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17163

Reducing Adverse Drug EventsThe Need to Rethink Outpatient Prescribing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2092-2093. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16392
Original Investigation

Effect of Inpatient Palliative Care on Quality of Life 2 Weeks After Hematopoietic Stem Cell TransplantationA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2094-2103. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16786

This randomized trial assesses the effect of an inpatient palliative care intervention vs standard transplant care on quality of life during hospitalization for patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT).

Association Between Palliative Care and Patient and Caregiver OutcomesA Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2104-2114. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16840

This meta-analysis of clinical trials article assesses the effects of palliative care interventions on patient quality of life, symptom burden, and survival and on caregiver burden and satisfaction.

US Emergency Department Visits for Outpatient Adverse Drug Events, 2013-2014

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2115-2125. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16201

This study uses National Electronic Injury Surveillance System–Cooperative Adverse Drug Event Surveillance data to characterize emergency department visits for adverse drug events in the United States in 2013-2014 and to describe changes in emergency department visits for adverse drug events since 2005-2006

Prevalence and Prognostic Implications of Coronary Artery Calcification in Low-Risk WomenA Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2126-2134. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17020

This meta-analysis of data from 5 population-based cohort studies assesses the associations between coronary artery calcium (CAC) score and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) in low-risk women and the changes in risk discrimination when CAC score is added to traditional CVD risk factors.

Review

Screening for Colorectal Cancer and Evolving Issues for Physicians and PatientsA Review

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2135-2145. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17418

This narrative review summarizes the most commonly used colorectal cancer screening tests in the United States and offers guidance about screening programs for higher-risk patients and management of antithrombotic therapy before colonoscopy.

JAMA Diagnostic Test Interpretation

Mixing Study for Evaluation of Abnormal Coagulation Testing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2146-2147. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15749

An 84-year-old woman with a history of chronic kidney disease, prior stroke, and hypertension but no personal or family history of bleeding disorders was admitted with a 2-week history of spontaneous subcutaneous ecchymoses and hematomas. She had normal vital signs, laboratory results showing isolated severe anemia but unremarkable for other causes of anemia, and a large soft-tissue hematoma in the left chest wall without evidence of internal hemorrhage. How do you interpret these test results?

Research Letter

Infectious Disease Mortality Trends in the United States, 1980-2014

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2149-2151. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12423

This study uses data from the US National Office of Vital Statistics and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention WONDER database to characterize trends in infectious disease mortality from 1980 through 2014.

Comment & Response

Cost-effectiveness of PCSK9 Inhibitor Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2151-2152. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16286

Cost-effectiveness of PCSK9 Inhibitor Therapy—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2152. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16292

Revisions to the Nutrition Facts Label

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2152-2153. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16173

Revisions to the Nutrition Facts Label—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2153. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16176

Euthanasia or Assisted Suicide in Patients With Psychiatric Illness

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2153-2154. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16283

Euthanasia or Assisted Suicide in Patients With Psychiatric Illness—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2154-2155. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16289
Correction

Incorrect Section Headings in Figures

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2155. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17260
Medical News & Perspectives

Pioneering Geneticist Explains Ambitious Plan to “Write” the Human Genome

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2074-2076. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10673

This Medical News article discusses the Human Genome Project-write with Harvard geneticist, George Church, PhD.

Clinical Trials Update

Combined Incentives and Restrictions Lead to Better Food Choices

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2078. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16391

Low Prostate-Cancer Mortality No Matter the Treatment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2078. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17035

Human Milk Protein Prevents Infections in Preterm Infants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2078. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17037
Health Agencies Update

NIH Launches Study of Children’s Environmental Exposures

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2077. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16511

Under Affordable Care Act, Uninsured Rates Fell Across Demographic Groups

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2077. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17120

New Report Outlines Roadmap for Preventing Youth Suicide

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2077. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17122
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Fewer Opioids, More Exercise for Severe Joint Pain From Arthritis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2079. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16667

Undervaccinated Kindergarteners

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2079. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16669
The Arts and Medicine

The Art of Plastic Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2072-2073. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17592

In this Arts and Medicine essay, the author, an artist and facial plastic surgeon, describes the importance of sculpture as an educational tool to enhance surgeons’ aesthetic judgment and procedural technique.

Poetry and Medicine

Memories

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2156. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10253
JAMA Revisited

Problems Confronting Medical Investigators

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2157. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17111
JAMA Patient Page

Essential Tremor

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2162. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16376
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(20):2063-2064. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14602
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