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September 2017 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

September 19, 2017, Vol 318, No. 11, Pages 979-1080

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):979-981. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13311
Viewpoint

Nonvoluntary Psychiatric Treatment Is Distinct From Involuntary Psychiatric Treatment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):999-1000. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10318

This Viewpoint discusses the differences between voluntary, involuntary, and nonvoluntary psychiatric treatment.

The United Kingdom Sets Limits on Experimental TreatmentsThe Case of Charlie Gard

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1001-1002. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10410

This Viewpoint discusses the case of Charlie Gard, a young boy with severe mitochondrial disease on life support in the United Kingdom, and the issues at stake in the conflict between his parents’ wishes to pursue expensive, unproven treatment and the UK National Health Service’s insistence on a palliative approach.

Drug Development at the Portfolio Level Is Important for Policy, Care Decisions and Human Protections

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1003-1004. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11502

This Viewpoint discusses the drug development portfolio—a family of trials assessing a drug for different indications or in different combinations with other drugs—and summarizes some of the challenges drug portfolios pose for policy, care, and human protections.

A Piece of My Mind

The Lower Seven-Eighths

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1005-1006. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7751

“The Tunnel at the End of the Light”Preparing to Attend on the Inpatient Medical Wards

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1007-1008. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8324
Editorial

Improving Blood Pressure Control and Health Systems With Community Health Workers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1009-1011. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11464

Postoperative Antimicrobial Prophylaxis Following Cesarean Delivery in Obese WomenAn Exception to the Rule?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1012-1013. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10535

Humanizing the Treatment of Hyperactive Delirium in the Last Days of Life

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1014-1015. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11466
Original Investigation

Effect of a Community Health Worker–Led Multicomponent Intervention on Blood Pressure Control in Low-Income Patients in ArgentinaA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1016-1025. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11358

This cluster randomized trial compares the effects on blood pressure control of a community health worker–led home intervention vs physician education vs patient text messaging among low-income patients with hypertension in Argentina.

Effect of Post–Cesarean Delivery Oral Cephalexin and Metronidazole on Surgical Site Infection Among Obese WomenA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1026-1034. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10567

This randomized trial compares the effects of postoperative oral cephalexin-metronidazole vs placebo on frequency of surgical site infection (SSI) in obese women undergoing cesarean delivery.

Carotid Endarterectomy and Carotid Artery Stenting in the US Medicare Population, 1999-2014

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1035-1046. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12882

This population epidemiology study uses Medicare administrative data to describe national trends in performance and outcomes of carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting from 1999 to 2014 among fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years or older.

Preliminary Communication

Effect of Lorazepam With Haloperidol vs Haloperidol Alone on Agitated Delirium in Patients With Advanced Cancer Receiving Palliative CareA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1047-1056. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11468

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of lorazepam vs placebo added to haloperidol for persistent agitation in patients with advanced cancer and delirium.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Antipsychotics to Treat Agitation or Psychosis in Patients With Dementia

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1057-1058. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11112

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2016 American Psychiatric Association practice guideline on the use of antipsychotics to treat agitation or psychosis in patients with dementia.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

A Pink Nodule on a Boy's Left Cheek

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1059-1060. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13023

A 4-year-old boy had a 1-cm well-circumscribed, symmetrical, pinkish, dome-shaped nodule with central erosions on the left cheek. Hair, nails, and mucosae were of normal appearance, and the remainder of the examination was unremarkable. What would you do next?

JAMA Diagnostic Test Interpretation

Urine Drug Screens to Monitor Opioid Use for Managing Chronic Pain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1061-1062. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10593

A 53-year-old woman with chronic low back pain presented for a prescription refill of hydrocodone/acetaminophen. She had partial paralysis from a thoracic spinal cord infarction secondary to aortic dissection from prior cocaine use and reported taking hydrocodone on that day but no recent illicit drug use. Urine immunoassay drug screen results were negative overall but positive for cocaine. How would you proceed?

Research Letter

Contribution of Opioid-Involved Poisoning to the Change in Life Expectancy in the United States, 2000-2015

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1065-1067. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9308

This study uses US National Vital Statistics mortality data to assess change in US life expectancy from 2000 to 2015 attributable to opioid-involved poisonings.

Comment & Response

Characteristics of Novel Therapeutics and Postmarket Safety Events

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1067. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11513

Characteristics of Novel Therapeutics and Postmarket Safety Events—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1067-1068. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11517

Shortage or Surplus of Physicians in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1068. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11498

Shortage or Surplus of Physicians in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1068-1069. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11505

Shortage or Surplus of Physicians in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1069-1070. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11509

Low-Dose Desmopressin Nasal Spray and FDA Approval

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1070-1071. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11327

Shortage or Surplus of Physicians in the United States—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1070. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11521

Low-Dose Desmopressin Nasal Spray and FDA Approval—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1071-1072. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11343

Notice of Retraction and Replacement: Favini et al. Comparative Trends in Payment Adjustments Between Safety-Net and Other Hospitals Since the Introduction of the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program and Value-Based Purchasing. JAMA. 2017;317(15):1578-1580.

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1072. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7755

Notice of Retraction and Replacement: Favini et al. Comparative Trends in Payment Adjustments Between Safety-Net and Other Hospitals Since the Introduction of the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program and Value-Based Purchasing. JAMA. 2017;317(15):1578-1580.

Medical News & Perspectives

Medical Students Fall Short on Blood Pressure Check Challenge

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):991-992. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11255

This Medical News article discusses the importance of correctly prepping patients for blood pressure measurement.

The JAMA Forum

Community-Based Prevention and Strategies for the Opioid Crisis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):993-994. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13767
Global Health

Progress Stalls in Improving Vaccine Coverage Rates

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):995. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11783

Exposure to Lychee Orchard Pesticides Linked to AES Outbreak

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):995. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13606

Lack of Improvement in Health Care for Afghans With Disabilities

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):995. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13608
News From the Food and Drug Administration

Relief for Graft-vs-Host Disease

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):996. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12982

Deaths Reported After Intragastric Balloon Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):996. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12984

The 8-Week Cure for Hepatitis C

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):996. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12994
The Arts and Medicine

Holding the Self and the World TogetherRobert Lowell, Mania, and Having to Write

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):988-989. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12823

This Arts and Medicine essay uses Kay Redfield Jamison’s 2016 study of poet Robert Lowell to explore writing as a way of calming disintegrated psyches and proposes that physicians collaborate with patients who have bipolar illness to balance the effects medications have on blunting manic symptoms and creative impulses.

Poetry and Medicine

Beginning and End

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1073. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.3104
JAMA Revisited

Every Day Is Fish Day

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1074. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10487
JAMA Patient Page

Safely Viewing Solar Eclipses

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(11):1080. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9495
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(11):983-984. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13312
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