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July 2017 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

July 25, 2017, Vol 318, No. 4, Pages 313-400

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):313-315. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13234
Viewpoint

Power Morcellators, Postmarketing Surveillance, and the US Food and Drug Administration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):325-326. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7704

This Viewpoint uses the example of power morcellator devices to discuss the wider scope of US Food and Drug Administration regulations and postmarketing surveillance necessary to ensure patient safety.

Monitoring Medical DevicesMissed Warning Signs Within Existing Data

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):327-328. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6584

This Viewpoint uses the example of gastric band failures to discuss how available data may be used more appropriately to detect problems in the safety and effectiveness of medical devices.

Contact Precautions for Endemic MRSA and VRETime to Retire Legal Mandates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):329-330. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7419

This Viewpoint argues for rescission of legal mandates requiring contact precautions for any patient with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) infection in favor and more selective and cost-effective infection control measures.

A Piece of My Mind

And Then Came the PACS

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):331. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5991
Editorial

Practical Improvements for Medical Device Evaluation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):332-334. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8976

Targeted Temperature Management After Cardiac ArrestFinding the Right Dose for Critical Care Interventions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):334-336. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8977

Interventions to Improve Infant Safe Sleep Practices

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):336-338. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9422

Advances and Gaps in Understanding Chronic Traumatic EncephalopathyFrom Pugilists to American Football Players

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):338-340. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9353
Original Investigation

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Targeted Temperature Management for 48 vs 24 Hours and Neurologic Outcome After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac ArrestA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):341-350. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8978

This randomized clinical trial tested the effect of targeted temperature management to 33°C for 48 hours vs 24 hours on neurologic outcomes at 6 months in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

The Effect of Nursing Quality Improvement and Mobile Health Interventions on Infant Sleep PracticesA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;318(4):351-359. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8982

This randomized clinical trial assesses the effectiveness of a nursing quality improvement intervention and a mobile health messaging intervention separately and combined to promote infant safe sleep practices compared with control breastfeeding interventions in mothers of healthy term newborns at 16 US hospitals.

Clinicopathological Evaluation of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in Players of American Football

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has multimedia
JAMA. 2017;318(4):360-370. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8334

This case series investigated the neuropathological and clinical features of deceased football players with chronic traumatic encephalopathy whose brains were donated for research.

Association of Genetic Variants Related to Serum Calcium Levels With Coronary Artery Disease and Myocardial Infarction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):371-380. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8981

This analysis evaluates the potential causal association between genetic variants related to elevated serum calcium levels and risk of coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction using mendelian randomization.

JAMA Insights

Cascade Screening for Familial Hypercholesterolemia and the Use of Genetic Testing

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;318(4):381-382. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8543

This JAMA Insights article explains process of cascade screening for familial hypercholesterolemia and its efficacy in reducing risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Epistaxis, Ecchymoses, and an Abnormal White Blood Cell Count

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):383-384. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9020

A 42-year-old man had epistaxis and spontaneous ecchymoses of the extremities. A complete blood cell count and coagulation profile showed abnormalities, and a peripheral blood smear showing promyelocytes with bilobed nuclei and azurophilic cytoplasmic granules. What would you do next?

JAMA Diagnostic Test Interpretation

Metanephrines for Evaluating Palpitations and Flushing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):385-386. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5926

A 29-year-old woman with chronic paroxysmal palpitations, flushing, paleness, and diaphoresis had a blood pressure of 112/74 mm Hg, a heart rate of 82 beats/min, normal physical examination, and normal plasma metanephrines with elevated normetanephrines. How do you interpret the results?

Research Letter

Association of the Priority Review Voucher With Neglected Tropical Disease Drug and Vaccine Development

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):388-389. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7467

This study uses commercial pharmaceutical database data to evaluate the number of new drugs and vaccines for neglected tropical diseases entering phase 1 clinical trials before and after introduction in 2007 of a priority review voucher program to incentivize development.

Comment & Response

Increases in Thyroid Cancer Incidence and Mortality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):389-390. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7906

Increases in Thyroid Cancer Incidence and Mortality—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):390-391. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7910

Nonclinical Factors Affecting Shared Decision Making

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):391. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7841

Nonclinical Factors Affecting Shared Decision Making—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):391-392. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7865

Deep Brain Stimulation for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):392. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7849

Deep Brain Stimulation for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):393. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7873
Medical News & Perspectives

Hearing Restoration: A Step Closer?

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):319-320. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5820

This Medical News article discusses how new inner ear research may lead to treatments that reverse hearing loss.

The JAMA Forum

Why Is US Maternal Mortality Rising?

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):321. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8390
Clinical Trials Update

Fewer Seizures With Cannabidiol in Catastrophic Epilepsy

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):323. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8846

Parent-Based Therapy Helps Children Lose Weight

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):323. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9523

Combination Therapy Shrinks Melanoma Brain Metastases

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):323. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9525

Dual Strategy Increases Colorectal Cancer Screening

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):323. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9527

Blended CBT Controls Anxiety in Cancer Survivors

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):323. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9529
Health Agencies Update

Chikungunya Vaccine Trials Begin

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):322. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8753

Cancer Project Speeding Along

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):322. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9616

New Medical Officer at Indian Health Service

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):322. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9618
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Deceptive Lyme Disease Diagnosis Linked With Serious Infections

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):324. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8897

Decline in Student Tobacco Use

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):324. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8899
Poetry and Medicine

All Ears

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):394. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1593
JAMA Revisited

Domestic CorrespondenceLaboratory Work in Medical Schools

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(4):395. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5061
JAMA Patient Page

Plantar Fasciitis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):400. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5806
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;318(4):317-318. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13235
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