To evaluate whether a multifaceted quality improvement (QI) intervention can improve the use of evidence-based therapies, Berwanger and coauthors randomly assigned 34 clusters of public hospitals (1150 patients) to receive a multifaceted QI intervention vs routine practice. In the
related Editorial, Berwick discusses the complexity inherent in defining QI and implementing QI interventions.
To test the hypothesis that prenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation as well as an early invitation to food supplementation would increase maternal hemoglobin and birth weight and decrease infant mortality, Persson and coauthors identified 4436 pregnant women through monthly surveillance in Bangladesh. In
an editorial, Christian and Black discuss food, micronutrients, and birth outcomes.
To determine the effects of the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), Bendavid and coauthors conducted analyses of adult mortality using person-level data from the Demographic and Health Surveys, comparing countries in Africa from 1998 to 2008. In
an 4989, Emanuel discusses PEPFAR in the context of maximizing the effects of global health assistance.
Taking advantage of air pollution restrictions for the 2008 Olympics, Rich and colleagues compared blood serum levels in 125 medical students living in Beijing before, during, and after the games to determine whether cardiovascular disease biomarkers respond to variations in air pollution. In
an 4601, Dominici and Mittleman discuss reconciling economic growth with environmental protections.
Gostin describes the key modalities of a Framework Convention on Global Health, including defining national responsibilities for the population’s health; defining international responsibilities for reliable, sustainable funding; setting global health priorities; coordinating fragmented activities; reshaping global governance for health; and providing strong global health leadership.
Chico and colleagues conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of malaria and sexually transmitted infections/reproductive tract infections among pregnant women attending antenatal care facilities in sub-Saharan Africa.