Davis and coauthors conducted a randomized controlled trial among 222 overweight or obese sedentary elementary school children in Georgia to test whether different durations of aerobic training improved diabetes risk, fitness, and overall and visceral adiposity.
To examine associations between urinary bisphenol A concentration and body mass outcomes in children, Trasande and coauthors conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 2838 participants aged 6 through 19 years in the 2003-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys.
To examine the association of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery with weight loss, diabetes, and other health risks 6 years after surgery, Adams and coauthors studied 1156 participants with extreme obesity with health and cardiovascular disease risks. See the related Editorial by Courcoulas.
In an ongoing prospective trial in Sweden, Neovius and coauthors report 20-year comparative hospital and primary care use among 2010 obese patients who had undergone bariatric surgery and 2037 patients who were treated conventionally. In an editorial, Courcoulas discusses progress toward an evidence-based approach to treatment of obesity.
Dixon and coauthors conducted a randomized controlled trial comparing surgical with conventional therapy for weight loss treatment of obstructive sleep apnea. In an accompanying editorial, Courcoulas discusses topics related to the obesity epidemic.
de Lemos and colleagues investigated associations of baseline adipose tissue distribution, adipokines, lipids, and biomarkers of insulin resistance and inflammation with the risk of incident prediabetes and diabetes in a multiethnic cohort of 732 obese adults with extensive cardiovascular, metabolic, and adipose tissue phenotyping.