To determine the effect of dexamethasone on bleeding following tonsillectomy in children, Gallagher and coauthors studied 314 patients undergoing tonsillectomy without a history of bleeding disorder or recent corticosteroid medication use.
Cram and coauthors describe a 20-year experience in Medicare beneficiaries undergoing total knee arthroplasty, examining per-capita utilization and overall volumes, length of stay, readmission rates, and complications. The related Editorial by Slover and Zuckerman discuss costs associated with evolving trends in knee arthroplasty.
In an international multicenter study, Min and coauthors assessed the performance of noninvasive fractional flow reserve calculated from computed tomographic angiography for diagnosis of coronary stenosis in 252 stable patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease. In a related Editorial, Patel discusses how these findings should be used for the evaluation of chest pain.
In an article summarizing strategies for care of older persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Fried and coauthors describe the case of an 81-year-old man with COPD hospitalized with severe dyspnea and respiratory failure.
Interpreting the results of a multiple treatment comparison (MTC) meta-analysis can be a challenge. Mills and coauthors provide a 3-step approach in this Users’ Guide to help demystify the MTC for clinicians.