In a cluster-randomized controlled trial of 17 046 breastfeeding mother-infant pairs in 31 hospitals in Belarus, Martin and colleagues investigate the effects of increased duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding on child adiposity and circulating insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I.
To assess the association between weight gain following smoking cessation and risk of cardiovascular disease events among people with and without diabetes, Clair and coauthors conducted a prospective community-based cohort study using data from the Framingham Offspring Study. Fiore and Baker provide comment in the related Editorial.
Using data from more than 3 million procedures in the US CathPCI Registry between 2004-2011, Chhatriwalla and coauthors examined the association between bleeding events and in-hospital mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Chai-Coetzer and colleagues randomly assigned 155 patients with obstructive sleep apnea to be treated by primary care physicians and community-based nurses or at a sleep specialist center to determine whether primary care treatment was not inferior to specialist center care.