Gerber et al conducted a cluster randomized trial among 18 pediatric primary care practices (162 clinicians) to evaluate the effect of an antimicrobial stewardship intervention on antibiotic prescribing in the outpatient setting.
Among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Thomsen and coauthors investigated whether elevated levels of inflammatory biomarkers were associated with an increased risk of having exacerbations. In an Editorial, Mador and Sethi discuss efforts to improve current therapies and develop new therapies for exacerbation reduction in COPD.
Cnattingius and colleagues study associations between early pregnancy body mass index and risk of preterm delivery by gestational age, and precursors of preterm delivery in a population-based cohort of women in Sweden from 1992 through 2010.
To determine the prevalence of adverse health outcomes among adult survivors of childhood cancer and the proportion of outcomes associated with treatment-related exposures, Hudson and coauthors conducted a systematic comprehensive medical assessment of the general health status of long-term survivors of childhood cancer.
Chlan and coauthors report on the effects of patient-directed music intervention on anxiety and sedative exposure in critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilatory support. In an accompanying Editorial, Azoulay and coauthors discuss the use of music therapy for reducing anxiety in critically ill patients.