Editor's Audio Summary by Howard Bauchner, MD, Editor in Chief of JAMA, the Journal of the American Medical Association, for the February 07, 2016 issue
Although US racial and ethnic minorities have higher rates of poor health because of health care inequities, more low-income white individuals are affected because of greater population numbers. This Viewpoint explains that efforts to improve poor outcomes would be more effective if strategies were not based on proportions of race.
This Viewpoint discusses the need for “e-discontinuation” functionality to accompany electronic prescribing capabilities of electronic health records.
This Viewpoint discusses the benefits of establishing a global vaccine injury compensation system that is government and manufacturer supported to compensate individuals who experience vaccine injury.
This Viewpoint proposes a framework for promoting pharmaceutical innovation while ensuring access and affordability of new drugs on a global scale.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of video vs direct laryngoscopy on the success of first-pass orotracheal intubation in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) in France.
This cohort study uses data from the Get With The Guidelines–Resuscitation registry to investigate the association between tracheal intubation during adult in-hospital cardiac arrest and survival to hospital discharge.
This study of 2 population cohorts of African Americans compares hemoglobin A1c values among those with vs without sickle cell trait to determine whether the trait interferes with identification of prediabetes or diabetes.
This narrative review discusses the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of pituitary adenomas.
This JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods article reviews the concept of equipoise, which allows for randomization of interventions while also respecting the rights of human subjects in clinical research.
A 24-year-old man with 1 week of headache, gait imbalance, coordination difficulties, and personality changes tested positive for HIV, with a CT scan of the brain showing an aggressive solitary lesion extending through the corpus callosum. What would you do next?
This study uses data from a US readmissions database to assess whether sepsis hospitalizations account for a higher proportion of unplanned 30-day readmissions than hospitalizations for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and pneumonia.
This survey study describes patients’ desire for and use of genetic counseling and testing after a new diagnosis of breast cancer.
This article discusses an experimental procedure that replaces maternal mitochondria with those from a donor to prevent inheritance of mitochondrial disease.
This Arts and Medicine essay reviews David Oshinsky’s book, Bellevue: Three Centuries of Medicine and Mayhem at America’s Most Storied Hospital.