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September 2017 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

February 7, 2017, Vol 317, No. 5, Pages 453-546

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2017;317(5):453-455. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12976
Viewpoint

Population Health EquityRate and Burden, Race and Class

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):467-468. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19435

Although US racial and ethnic minorities have higher rates of poor health because of health care inequities, more low-income white individuals are affected because of greater population numbers. This Viewpoint explains that efforts to improve poor outcomes would be more effective if strategies were not based on proportions of race.

Responsible e-Prescribing Needs e-Discontinuation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):469-470. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19908

This Viewpoint discusses the need for “e-discontinuation” functionality to accompany electronic prescribing capabilities of electronic health records.

A Global Vaccine Injury Compensation System

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):471-472. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19492

This Viewpoint discusses the benefits of establishing a global vaccine injury compensation system that is government and manufacturer supported to compensate individuals who experience vaccine injury.

Privatized Pharmaceutical Innovation vs Access to Essential MedicinesA Global Framework for Equitable Sharing of Benefits

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):473-474. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17994

This Viewpoint proposes a framework for promoting pharmaceutical innovation while ensuring access and affordability of new drugs on a global scale.

A Piece of My Mind

Mentee MisstepsTales From the Academic Trenches

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(5):475-476. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12384
Editorial

Whether to Intubate During Cardiopulmonary ResuscitationConventional Wisdom vs Big Data

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):477-478. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20626

Video Laryngoscopy in the Intensive Care UnitSeeing Is Believing, But That Does Not Mean It’s True

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):479-480. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.21036

Sickle Cell Trait and Interpretation of Hemoglobin A1c Levels

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):481-482. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20994
Original Investigation

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Video Laryngoscopy vs Direct Laryngoscopy on Successful First-Pass Orotracheal Intubation Among ICU PatientsA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;317(5):483-493. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20603

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of video vs direct laryngoscopy on the success of first-pass orotracheal intubation in patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) in France.

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Association Between Tracheal Intubation During Adult In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest and Survival

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(5):494-506. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20165

This cohort study uses data from the Get With The Guidelines–Resuscitation registry to investigate the association between tracheal intubation during adult in-hospital cardiac arrest and survival to hospital discharge.

Association of Sickle Cell Trait With Hemoglobin A1c in African Americans

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;317(5):507-515. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.21035

This study of 2 population cohorts of African Americans compares hemoglobin A1c values among those with vs without sickle cell trait to determine whether the trait interferes with identification of prediabetes or diabetes.

Review

Diagnosis and Treatment of Pituitary AdenomasA Review

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;317(5):516-524. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19699

This narrative review discusses the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of pituitary adenomas.

JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods

Equipoise in ResearchIntegrating Ethics and Science in Human Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):525-526. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0016

This JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods article reviews the concept of equipoise, which allows for randomization of interventions while also respecting the rights of human subjects in clinical research.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

A 24-Year-Old Man With a Left Frontal Brain Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):527-528. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19156

A 24-year-old man with 1 week of headache, gait imbalance, coordination difficulties, and personality changes tested positive for HIV, with a CT scan of the brain showing an aggressive solitary lesion extending through the corpus callosum. What would you do next?

Research Letter

Proportion and Cost of Unplanned 30-Day Readmissions After Sepsis Compared With Other Medical Conditions

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(5):530-531. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20468

This study uses data from a US readmissions database to assess whether sepsis hospitalizations account for a higher proportion of unplanned 30-day readmissions than hospitalizations for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and pneumonia.

Genetic Testing and Counseling Among Patients With Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(5):531-534. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16918

This survey study describes patients’ desire for and use of genetic counseling and testing after a new diagnosis of breast cancer.

Comment & Response

OnabotulinumtoxinA vs Sacral Neuromodulation for Urgency Incontinence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):534-535. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19560

OnabotulinumtoxinA vs Sacral Neuromodulation for Urgency Incontinence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):535. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19563

OnabotulinumtoxinA vs Sacral Neuromodulation for Urgency Incontinence—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):535-536. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19566

Recurrence and Mesh-Related Complications After Incisional Hernia Repair

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):536-537. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20112

Recurrence and Mesh-Related Complications After Incisional Hernia Repair—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):537. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20117

Association of Maternal Diabetes With Autism in Offspring

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):537-538. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20122
Correction

Errors in Text, Figure, and Online Supplement

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(5):538. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18601

Incorrect Information in Table 3

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(5):538. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20888

Coding Error and Change in Secondary Outcome Results

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(5):538. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.21092
Medical News & Perspectives

Sanctioned UK Trial of Mitochondrial Transfer Nears

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):462-464. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18680

This article discusses an experimental procedure that replaces maternal mitochondria with those from a donor to prevent inheritance of mitochondrial disease.

Lab Reports

Scientists Discover Off Switch for Genome Editing Technique

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):465. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20535

Drug Under Study for Diabetes a Potential Parkinson Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):465. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0111

Father’s Age May Be a Factor in Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):465. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0113
News From the Food and Drug Administration

Autologous Cells Treat Knee Damage

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):466. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.21397

Ovarian Cancer Drug Approved

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):466. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0026

First Drug for Rare Genetic Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):466. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0028
The Arts and Medicine

Bellevue Gets Its Biography

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(5):460-461. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20313

This Arts and Medicine essay reviews David Oshinsky’s book, Bellevue: Three Centuries of Medicine and Mayhem at America’s Most Storied Hospital.

Poetry and Medicine

AKA

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):539. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15677
JAMA Revisited

The Medical Aspects of the Modern “Sky Scraper”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(5):540. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19841
JAMA Patient Page

Fungal Nail Infection

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(5):546. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.20617
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(5):457-458. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12977
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