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The father of medicine, Hippocrates, is arguably the most renowned and enduring of all physicians. He constructed the eponymous oath on which all physicians swear allegiance. Residing in the Greek island of Kos from 460 bc to 370 bc, Hippocrates was a gifted orator and philosopher. In the later years of his career, he devoted time to establishing a practice of medicine that sought to describe diseases in a natural, scientific way, in contrast to the sorcery and superstition that dominated Greek medicine at that time. In the fourth century bc, the Corpus Hippocraticum1 was compiled by his followers and comprises a heterogeneous collection of essays relating to various bodily systems.
Ali FR, Fox J, Finlayson AET. Hippocrates on Ulcers. JAMA Dermatol. 2013;149(9):1049. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.4779