Much has been written about the travails of Jewish dermatologists under the Third Reich. Many escaped abroad, and the United States particularly benefited from the influx of many talented individuals. Some died in concentration camps, including Abraham Buschke and Karl Herxheimer, who perished in Terezin, while others escaped by committing suicide.
Amazingly, a small number of Jews remained in Germany, either in hiding, under the protection of a non-Jewish spouse, or through political connections. Leonard Gross’s book The Last Jews in Berlin1 tells the stories of several Jews who managed to hide in Berlin with the help of courageous Germans.
Burgdorf WHC, Plewig G, Kohl P, Hoenig LJ. Erich Langer: One Who Came Back. JAMA Dermatol. 2014;150(1):63. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2013.6865