Cultural references to albinism are as old as recorded history. With the discovery of tyrosinase deficiency in animals in 1904 and the first scientific report on albinism 4 years later by Sir Archibald Garrod to lay the groundwork,1 albinism became known as a group of genetic disorders that are characterized by a defect in the production of tyrosinase, which is involved in the production of melanin.
Simmons BJ, Falto-Aizpurua LA, Griffith RD, Nouri K. The Portrayal of Albinism in Pop CultureA 360° Change From Previous Ideology. JAMA Dermatol. 2015;151(3):258. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2014.4003