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August 2015

Moritz KaposiA Notable Name in Dermatology

Author Affiliations
  • 1Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 2Department of Dermatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts
JAMA Dermatol. 2015;151(8):867. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2015.1075

Moritz Kaposi (1837-1902) is famously known for the angiosarcoma that bears his name, Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), which he described in 1872 in a German article titled “Idiopathic Multiple Pigmented Sarcoma of the Skin”1,2 (Figure). At that time, the condition was most commonly seen in older men of Mediterranean or Jewish extraction; over a century later, in 1981, this demographic changed as the association between human immunodeficiency virus and KS was discovered.13 Kaposi was also the first to describe eczema herpeticum (eponymously, Kaposi varicelliform eruption), lupus erythematosus, and xeroderma pigmentosum, among other dermatoses.2

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