Are dermatologic conditions found in disproportionate frequencies in the all-time top 10 American film villains when compared with the all-time top 10 American film heroes?
In this cross-sectional study, the top 10 villains display a significantly higher incidence of dermatologic findings than the top 10 heroes (60% vs 0%), which include alopecia, periorbital hyperpigmentation, deep rhytides on the face, scars on the face, verruca vulgaris on the face, and rhinophyma.
Dermatologic conditions are used in film to elucidate the dichotomy of good and evil through visual representation, which may contribute to a tendency toward prejudice in our culture and facilitate misunderstanding of particular disease entities among the general public.
Dichotomous dermatologic depictions of heroes and villains in movies have been used since the silent film age.
To evaluate the hero-villain skin dichotomy in film by (1) identifying dermatologic findings of the all-time top 10 American film villains, (2) comparing these dermatologic findings to the all-time top 10 American film heroes quantitatively and qualitatively, and (3) analyzing dermatologic portrayals of film villains in depth.
Design, Setting, and Participants
In this cross-sectional study, dermatologic findings for film heroes and villains in mainstream media were identified and compared quantitatively using a χ2 test with α < .05, as well as qualitatively. The all-time top 10 American film villains and heroes were obtained from the American Film Institute 100 Greatest Heroes and Villains List.
Main Outcomes and Measures
Primary outcomes include identification and frequencies of dermatologic findings of the top 10 film villains and of the top 10 film heroes.
Six (60%) of the all-time top 10 American film villains have dermatologic findings, including cosmetically significant alopecia (30%), periorbital hyperpigmentation (30%), deep rhytides on the face (20%), multiple facial scars (20%), verruca vulgaris on the face (20%), and rhinophyma (10%). The top 10 villains have a higher incidence of significant dermatologic findings than the top 10 heroes (60% vs 0%; P = .03).
Conclusions and Relevance
Dermatologic findings of the all-time top 10 American villains are used in film to highlight the dichotomy of good and evil, which may foster a tendency toward prejudice in our society directed at those with skin disease.
Croley JA, Reese V, Wagner RF. Dermatologic Features of Classic Movie VillainsThe Face of Evil. JAMA Dermatol. Published online April 05, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2016.5979