Research on skin cancer prevention has increased in recent years as have advances in technological methods used to estimate UV exposure and UV damage. Factors such as age,1 immunosuppressive diseases,2,3 sun-sensitive skin,4 genetics,5,6 and family history7 have all been implicated as skin cancer risk factors as have been intentional and unintentional UV exposure. Although the former risk factors are all nearly impossible to change, individuals can substantially decrease their risk of developing skin cancer by limiting outdoor exposure during peak periods of the day, avoiding indoor tanning beds, and by wearing sunscreens, sun blocks, and protective clothing. It is these changeable behaviors that tend to be the primary targets of clinicians' and health educators' preventive efforts designed to reduce UV exposure and UV damage.
Turrisi R, Stapleton J, Mallett K, Hillhouse J. Methods in Skin Cancer PreventionUsing a Question-Driven Approach to Guide the Choice of Assessment Approaches. Arch Dermatol. 2006;142(10):1348-1350. doi:10.1001/archderm.142.10.1348