The first written medical records on the treatment of dermatovenerologic patients in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) date from the second part of the 19th century. Before this period, health care was available only for wealthy citizens, who could pay private physicians from neighboring countries to bring medication with them. For the rest of the population, Franciscan priests and local unqualified physicians offered traditional remedies that had been passed down from previous generations. Because of the lack of modern, available medical treatment, infectious diseases were a problem during the Ottoman period.
Prohic A, Alendar F, Simic D, Masic I. The First Dermatovenerologic Institution in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Arch Dermatol. 2008;144(10):1366. doi:10.1001/archderm.144.10.1366