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Issues in Dermatology
July 2001

On First Looking Into Pernkopf's Atlas (Part 2)

Arch Dermatol. 2001;137(7):867-868. doi:10-1001/pubs.Arch Dermatol.-ISSN-0003-987x-137-7-did10000

In the May issue of the ARCHIVES,1 welearned that when Hitler's Germany annexed Austria in 1939, Eduard Pernkopf,an active and ardent Nazi, was placed as chancellor of the medical schoolat the University of Vienna. Among his first actions was to purge the schoolof Jewish faculty members and others who were in disfavor under the Nazi regime.Pernkopf, an anatomy professor at the university, arranged for the bodiesof nearly 1400 people executed by the Gestapo, most of them for politicalreasons, to serve as models for an atlas of magnificent anatomic illustrationsentitled, Topographische Anatomie des Menschen (Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy). Nearly50 years passed before the full story of Pernkopf's atlas was disclosed. Thedermatology department at our teaching center held 2 volumes of the atlasin its departmental library and faced the issue of whether it was acceptableto use them. Members of the department developed the following consensus.

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