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November 1923

XXXV.—MONILETHRIXREPORT OF FIVE CASES OF THE FAMILIAL AND HEREDITARY TYPE

Author Affiliations

Resident Dermatologist, Barnard Free Skin and Cancer Hospital ST. LOUIS

Arch Derm Syphilol. 1923;8(5):655-664. doi:10.1001/archderm.1923.02360170060008
Abstract

Monilethrix, first described by W. O. Smith1 of Dublin in 1879 and named by Crocker2 in 1903, is a disease of sufficient rarity and interest to warrant the report of further cases of this affection. Up to the present, a total of 133 cases have been recorded in the literature.

In America the disease was first described by Bulkley3 in 1881 in a boy of 6, in whom the disease began in infancy and was associated with a generalized lichen pilaris. Since then cases have been reported in this country by Morrow,4 Gilchrist,5 Clark,6 Ruggles,7 Goldenberg,8 McKee and Rosen,9 Harris,10 Wise11 and Scheer.12 Our report is unique in that no American author, to our knowledge, has recorded as many of the familial cases as we have observed.

CLINICAL ASPECTS  The disease is characterized by the following features, all

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