In an extensive monograph published in 1916, Stoddard and Cutler1 analyzed the previously published cases of torula infection and added two cases of their own. Their studies not only embraced a clinical review but contained extensive experimental and cultural work tending to establish the entity of a systemic disease fatal after long chronicity and with a marked predilection for the central nervous system. The close similarity of the infecting organism to those causing blastomycosis and coccidioidal granuloma led them to the conclusion that these conditions were often confused in the literature.
This work, as well as later publications by Freeman and Weidman,2 Urbach and Zach,3 Versé4 and Rappaport and Kaplan5 and more lately by Weidman6 and others, has resulted in a sharp differentiation, clinically, culturally and pathologically, of torula infection from both blastomycosis and coccidioidal granuloma.
In their final analysis, Stoddard and Cutler1
WILE UJ. CUTANEOUS TORULOSIS. Arch Derm Syphilol. 1935;31(1):58–66. doi:10.1001/archderm.1935.01460190061008