Monocytic leukemia recently has attracted increasing interest among hematologists but as yet has been given little if any attention by students of dermatology.
It was described for the first time in 1913 by Reschad and Schilling-Torgau,1 and since then some forty-nine cases had been reported up to March 1934.2 One more case3 may be added which was reported to me in a personal communication.
These reports were searched for descriptions of lesions occurring on the mucous membranes and the skin. Some authors mentioned "purpura or petechiae," while the patients in five cases4 which are reviewed later in this article presented clearcut skin lesions with infiltration.
Although in these numerous reports in periodicals monocytic leukemia has been considered a third form of leukemia, distinct from lymphocytic or myelocytic forms, it has been referred to in but few medical textbooks.5 In the field of dermatology Artz and
MERCER ST. THE DERMATOSIS OF MONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA. Arch Derm Syphilol. 1935;31(5):615–635. doi:10.1001/archderm.1935.01460230002001