Among the few typically American diseases, tularemia takes high rank in reflecting well earned and deserved credit on the discoverers for personal self effacement and a truly scientific approach.
From a supposed letter to his sister written by a young boy visiting and hunting in California many years ago, in which it was said, among other things, "After one of my hunting trips, I have develepod 'rabbit fever,'" to the epoch-making publication of Pearse1 (1911), who first described the clinical picture in cases in Utah, and McCoy1a (1911), who described "a plague-like disease of rodents, prevalent among the California rodents," the saga of this disease has been one of ever increasing importance. In 1912 McCoy and Chapin2 discovered the causative organism and named it Bacterium tularense, in honor of Tulare County, Calif., where the disease was most prevalent. Wherry and Lamb3 (1914) isolated the organism from
LAWLESS TK. TULAREMIA. Arch Derm Syphilol. 1941;44(2):147–160. doi:10.1001/archderm.1941.01500020002001