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Article
July 1944

AN UNUSUAL FORM OF OCCUPATIONAL DERMATITISREPORT OF AN OUTBREAK IN A PLANT MANUFACTURING HYDROCHLORIC ACID

Author Affiliations

Medical Director, United States Public Health Service BETHESDA, MD.

From Dermatoses Section, Industrial Hygiene Division, Bureau of State Services, United States Public Health Service.

Arch Derm Syphilol. 1944;50(1):25-26. doi:10.1001/archderm.1944.01510130028007
Abstract

In a chemical plant engaged for many years in the manufacture of hydrochloric acid, no cases of dermatitis had occurred, except for an occasional accidental acid burn, until nine months ago. At that time a change was made in the manufacturing process. This consisted of the addition of about 0.4 per cent of soft coal to the composition of the salt briquets, from which the acid is made, for the purpose of making them more porous and speeding the reaction. Three days after the new composition was introduced, a suction fan used in pulling the gases through the towers and pipe lines broke down and had to be taken apart to be repaired. Since the plant had to be shut down while this was going on, it was thought an opportune time to clean out one of the five towers in which the hydrochloric acid gas is absorbed with

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