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Thannhauser has divided the xanthomatoses associated with altered blood lipids into two main groups: (1) hypercholesteremic xanthomatoses and (2) hyperlipemic xanthomatoses. In the first group, the fasting blood serum is clear; in the second group the serum is milky or chylous.
The entities described in the hyperlipemic group (2) are the following:
A. Idiopathic hyperlipemia with secondary xanthoma
Idiopathic (familial) hyperlipemia in children with hepatosplenomegaly and secondary xanthoma
Idiopathic hyperlipemia in adults with secondary xanthomas occasionally accompanied by glycosuria and hepatosplenomegaly
B. Syptomatic hyperlipemia with secondary eruptive xanthoma
Hyperlipemia in chronic pancreatitis and eruptive xanthoma
Hyperlipemia in glycogen storage disease (von Gierke's disease) and eruptive xanthoma
Hyperlipemia in lipid nephrosis
It has been pointed out by Thannhauser that xanthomatosis has never been reported in association with the hyperlipemia of lipid nephrosis or the nephrotic stage of glomerulonephritis. A recent search through the
TAYLOR WB, CURTIS AC. HYPERLIPEMIC XANTHOMATOSIS IN A PATIENT WITH SUBACUTE GLOMERULONEPHRITIS (NEPHROTIC STAGE). AMA Arch Derm Syphilol. 1954;70(4):518–520. doi:10.1001/archderm.1954.01540220120020