There has been much interest in America concerning Russian physical and technologic sciences, but little attention has been paid to Soviet medicine. Therefore, a discussion of the Soviet medical system and particularly of our field of interest seems timely.
Dermatology in the U.S.S.R. can be understood only if viewed against its background of Soviet medicine in general.
Since, in the Soviet system, every social process is directed and mobilized toward the goals of the regime as defined by the leaders, it was inevitable that the study and practice of medicine become centrally controlled and coordinated with other phases of the Soviet social system.
Initially, the chief role of the physician was visualized as an aid in keeping the labor force on the job to fulfill agricultural and industrial quotas. Stress is placed, therefore, on preventive medicine and public health. Political indoctrination became an essential part
OBERMAYER ME. The Education of the Dermatologist in the Soviet Union. AMA Arch Derm. 1959;79(2):213–225. doi:10.1001/archderm.1959.01560140075011