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Article
November 1970

Postural Hypotension and AnhidrosisThe Autonomic Insufficiency Syndrome

Author Affiliations

San Francisco

From the Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco. Dr. Fisher is currently with Straub Clinic, Honolulu.

Arch Dermatol. 1970;102(5):527-531. doi:10.1001/archderm.1970.04000110043007
Abstract

Five patients with postural hypotension were evaluated for sweating defects. Three of the five were found to have anhidrosis. Two of these three had generalized anhidrosis and the other had partial anhidrosis. This combination of postural hypotension and anhidrosis represent the basic features of the autonomic insufficiency syndrome. Whether the primary defect of this syndrome resides within the central nervous system or the peripheral autonomic nervous system cannot be definitely determined in most cases. Intradermal injection of methacholine yielded inconsistent results, one patient being unresponsive to this agent and the others having a low normal sweat response. Hence, a positive sweat response to intradermal parasympathomimetic agents does not rule out anhidrosis; environmental testing is essential for this purpose. Blood pressures taken while the patient is in recumbant and standing positions should be determined in any patient with either localized or generalized anhidrosis.

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